History of football: And the Rules of the Game




History of football: And the Rules of the Game-Histories In The World.

Let's see in flashback the first time in football do and that we've seen.
Football is a ball game played by two teams with each consisting of eleven orang.Olahraga is very well known and played in 200 countries. Football game aiming to score as much as possible by using a leather ball sized 27-28 inches.

Field used in this game has a width of 50-100 yards and 100-300 yards long. The goalkeeper scored a place located at the end of the field-sized nets with restricted height 8 feet and 24 feet wide.



History of Football

The origins of the history of the emergence of sport and football is still contentious. Some of the documents explained that football was born since Roman times, partly explaining football originated from China. FIFA as world football's governing body formally declared that football was born from mainland China that originated from a game of Chinese society until the 2nd century BC to the 3rd. The sport was known as "tsu chu".

In one military document states, in the year 206 BC, during the reign of Tsin and Han Dynasty, Chinese society has played a ball called tsu chu. Tsu itself means "hit the ball with the foot". whereas chu, meaning "ball of the skin and no content". Ball game when it uses a ball made of animal skins, with the rules and enter it kicking and herded into a net stretched between two poles.

Version of the ancient history of football the other country comes from Japan, since the 8th century, the people there already know the game ball. The people there call it: Come here. While the ball is used deer skin, but the middle is a hole and filled with air.

According to Bill Murray, one football historian, in his book The World Game: A History of Soccer, football game has been known since the beginning of AD. At that time, people are familiar with Ancient Egypt and kicking techniques to bring the ball is made of linen cloth bundle.

Other side of history is in Ancient Greece also knows a game called episcuro, none other than the game using the ball. Evidence of this history is reflected in the museum reliefs depicting a young boy holding a ball and play with her thighs.

The history of modern football and has received recognition from various parties, their origins from the British, who played in the mid-19th century in the schools. 1857 embryo's first football club in the world, namely: Sheffield Football Club. This club is an association of schools who pursue the game of football.

In 1863, Britain stood association football, being named the Football Association (FA). The agency issuing the regulation game of soccer, so soccer became more orderly, organized, and enjoyable audience.

Subsequently in 1886 formed another entity that issued the rules of modern football as the world, namely: the International Football Association Board (IFAB). IFAB formed by the English FA to the Scottish Football Association, Football Association of Wales, and the Irish Football Association in Manchester, England.

The history of football getting tested until now IFAB is the body that issued various regulations on football games, either on game techniques, terms and duties of the referee, even until the transfer movement of the player.

Soccer sports history began in the 2nd century BC and -3 in China.
In the Han Dynasty, people with a leather ball kicked into a small net.
A similar game played in Japan with the title over here. In Italy, the game kicking and carrying the ball are also popular, especially beginning of the 16th century.

Modern football began to flourish in England and became very popular. In some competitions, the game is causing a lot of violence during the game and eventually King Edward III banned the sport played in 1365.
King James I of Scotland also supports the ban to play football.
In 1815, a major cause developmental soccer became popular in universities and school environment.

The birth of modern football in Freemasons Tavern in 1863 when 11 schools and clubs get together and formulate a fixed rule for the game. Along with that, there was a clear separation between sports rugby to football (soccer). In 1869, carrying the ball with his hands began banned in football.
During the 1800s, sports were brought by sailors, merchants, and British troops to various parts of the world.
In 1904, the highest association football world (FIFA) was formed and in the early 1900's, various competitions played in different countries.



Rules of the game

For international matches adult soccer field that is used has a length that ranges between 100-120 meters and 65-75 meters wide.
In the center of both ends of the field, there are areas in the form of wicket-sized rectangular with a length of 7:32 m and 2:44 m height.
At the front of the goalkeeper within the penalty area there are 16.5 meters from the goal.
This area borders the goalie may catch the ball with his hands and to determine when a violation awarded a penalty kick or not.


Old game

Older normal football game is 2 × 45 minutes, plus resting for 15 minutes in between innings.
If the same position a draw, extra time will be held for 2 × 15 minutes, to get the winner, but just as strong if it is held on penalties.
The referee can determine how much extra time at the end of each round in lieu of time lost through substitutions, injured who needed help, or other termination. Additional time is referred to as injury time or stoppage time.

Goals scored in extra time will be calculated into the final score of the game, while goals from penalties only determine if a team can advance to the next game or not (does not affect the final score).
In the late 1990s, the International Football Association Board (IFAB) imposed a system of golden goal (golden goal) or goals silver (silver goal) to finish the game. In the golden goal system, the team that scored first place going into extra-time winner, while the silver goal, the team that led at the end of the first half of extra time will come out as winners.
Both systems are no longer used by the IFAB.


Violation

If a player violates a loud enough so the referee can give a warning with a yellow card or red card. The match will be stopped and the referee shows the card to the front of the players who violate the then record his name in the book.

Yellow cards are warnings for violations such as being unsportsmanlike, constantly breaking the rules, odds of words or actions, to delay restarting the game, and out of the match without the referee's consent, or not keeping a distance of opposing players who are doing a free kick or throw-dalam.Pemain who receives two yellow cards and red cards will get out of the game.

Players who get a red card must leave the game without the players can be replaced with examples of actions that can lainnya.Beberapa red card is a serious violation that endangers or causes severe injury to the opponent, spitting, violence, breaking the opponent who was trying to score goals, touching ball to prevent a goal, and using language or gestures that tend to challenge.



Referees and Match Officials

In the professional game, there are four officers who led the game, ie the referee, two linesmen, and an officer at the edge of the infield.
The referee has a whistle that indicates whether the time to stop or start playing ball.
He also served impose penalties and warnings for the violations that occurred in the field.
Each lineman is responsible for overseeing half of the field. They carried a flag with bright colors to indicate a violation, the ball came out, or offside.Biasanya they will move to follow the position of the last defender.

Last officer has a duty to record all the time which was a stop during the game progresses and provide additional information regarding the time at the end of each round. The officer is also tasked to check the turn player and became a liaison between the team manager with the referee.

In some games, videos use the technology or the use of the fifth person to determine the accuracy of referee's decisions began to be used. For example, that determine whether a ball has crossed the line or whether a player is offside when in a state scoring.


Thank you for reading this article. Also read interesting articles on the history of the others here.

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