History Of Internet

The Internet is a computer network established by the Department of Defense United States in 1969, through a project called ARPANET ARPA (Advanced Research Project Agency Network), where they demonstrated how the computer hardware and software-based UNIX, we can do within a short distance communication infinity through the phone line. ARPANET project designing the network, reliability, how much information can be transferred, and finally all the standards that they determine to be the forerunner to the development of a new protocol that is now known as TCP / IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol).

The initial purpose of the project was for military purposes. At that time the United States Department of Defense (U.S. Department of Defense) create a system of computer networks that are spread by linking computers in areas vital to overcome the problem if there is a nuclear attack and to avoid any centralized information, which in the event of war can easily be destroyed.

At first ARPANET just simply connect the four sites are the Stanford Research Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, University of Utah, where they form an integrated network in 1969, and in general the ARPANET was introduced in October 1972. Not long after the project is growing rapidly in all regions, and all universities in the country wants to join, thus making it difficult to set the ARPANET.

Therefore Manjadi ARPANET was split in two, namely "MILNET" for military purposes and the "ARPANET" new smaller for non-military purposes such as, universities. Combined both networks came to be known by the name of DARPA Internet, which then reduces to the Internet.

In 1972, Roy Tomlinson managed to complete the e-mail program he created a year ago for the ARPANET. E-mail program was so easy that immediately became popular. In the same year, @ icon is also introduced as an important symbol that shows the "at" or "on". In 1973, ARPANET computer network were developed outside the United States.

Computer University College in London was the first computer that is outside the United States who are members of the ARPAnet network. In the same year, two computer experts that Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn presented a bigger idea, which became the forerunner to the Internet thinking. This idea was presented for the first time at the University of Sussex.

The next is a historic day on March 26, 1976, when the Queen of England managed to send an e-mail from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment at Malvern. A year later, already more than 100 computers on ARPANET merged to form a network or networks. In 1979, Tom Truscott, Jim Ellis and Steve Bellovin, creating the first-named newsgroups USENET. In 1981 France Telecom creates a buzz by launching the first television telephone, which people can call each other while dealing with a video link.

Because the computers that form the network is becoming more and more, we need a formal protocol that is recognized by all networks. In 1982 formed or TCP Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol or IP as we know it all. Meanwhile in Europe appear counter computer network known as Eunet, which provides computer network services in countries of Dutch, British, Danish and Swedish. Eunet network provides e-mail and USENET newsgroups.

For a uniform addresses in the existing computer network, then in 1984 introduced the system of domain names, which we now know with the DNS or Domain Name System. Computers that are connected with the existing network has more than 1000 computers. In 1987 the number of computers that are connected to the network soared 10-fold more Manjadi 10 000.

1988, Oikarinen of Finland's Jarko find and simultaneously introduce an IRC or Internet Relay Chat. A year later, the number of interconnected computers soared 10-fold return in a year. No fewer than 100,000 computers are now forming a network. Year 1990 is the year's most historic, when Tim Berners Lee to find the program editor and browser you can surf from one computer to another computer, which form a network. This is the program called www, or the worl Wide Web.

Year 1992, computers that are connected to each other to form a network already exceeds a million computers, and in the same year appeared the term surfing the internet. In 1994, the website has grown into a 3000 page address, and for the first time virtual-shopping or e-retail appear on the Internet. The world changed. In the same year Yahoo! Established, which is also at the same time the birth of Netscape Navigator 1.0.

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